EU Cooperation

European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)

The European Neighbourhood Policy is financed through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) for the period 2014-2020. The European Neighbourhood Instrument with a budget of €15.4 billion provides the bulk of funding to the 16 partner countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in the line with the principles of differentiation and the incentive based approach.

Building on the achievements of the previous European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), the ENI aims to support strengthening of relations with Neighbourhood countries and bring tangible benefits to both the EU and its partners. The Instrument is built on to strengthen some of the key features of the ENPI, notably greater differentiation between countries based on progress with reforms, with two new mechanisms to support an incentive based approach.

Under the ENI, four types of programme are supported:

  • Bilateral programmes for Neighbourhood countries;
  • Regional programmes for the East and the South;
  • Another ENP-wide programmes funding - for instance, Erasmus+, the Neighbourhood Investment Facility and the umbrella programmes;
  • Cross-Border Cooperation programmes between Member State and Neighbourhood countries.
ENI programming

Programming is done only for the first years of the Multi-annual Financial Framework period (MFF 2014-2020) to allow adaptation of EU support to evolving situation in each country/region. In the spirit of differentiation, the timeframes of the programming documents differ and take into account the specificity of the country situation and/or the programmes concerned. In line with the ENI Regulation, indicative allocations are presented in a range of not more than 20%.

The programming priorities are developed in close cooperation with the national authorities of partner countries, civil society and other relevant stakeholders, and in coordination with EU Member States. Action plans and other jointly agreed documents are key points of reference. They were also subject of a Strategic Dialogue on programming with the European Parliament.

For Programming Documents:

Other instruments: In addition to the ENI, Neighbourhood countries continue to benefit from a range of other EU instruments and programmes. The most important of these are global or thematic programmes under the Development Co-operation Instrument, the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, the Instrument for Stability and interventions under the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).